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Public Core is an organization of West Contra Costa County parents, teachers, community members, and school staff who fight for public control and accountability in our schools. We believe that public schools, open to all, are essential to the health of a democratic society. Our goal is high quality, inclusive public education for all students. We believe that the proliferation of privately-operated schools using public money will increase inequalities in education and in our society. We are dedicated to informing the public about the impact of publicly-funded, privately operated schools on our community.

For more information: (510) 270-0955 or
En Español

New Entries in Charters 101

Support for Charter School Moratorium Grows

The June 2107 California-Nevada Annual Conference of the United Methodist Church has adopted a resolution of support for the NAACP position calling for a moratorium on establishing new charter schools. The resolution also calls for local churches to engage in study of the charter issue and assist public schools with after-school and parenting enrichment programs, updated library materials and teacher appreciation programs.  The Conference represents over 350 churches and 80,000 Methodists in Northern California and Nevada.

There is increasing recognition among organizations concerned about social welfare and democracy that the growth of charter schools and privatization of educational services has become a threat to the existence of public schools. In a society of increasing inequality, public schools are essential to the health of our democracy, ensuring an equal playing field for all members of society and serving as an important multi-cultural experience in a multi-cultural society.

Nevada-California United Methodist Conference Resolution

NAACP Resolution

United Teachers of Richmond Resolution 

NYTimes Editorial Board:  School Districts Fight Segregation on their Own

New York Times, June 26, 2017

Article provides evidence that public schools are more racially segregated today than a half century ago, with three-quarters of black and Hispanic children attending schools where most students come from low-income families, something that’s true for only about a third of white children. It asserts that economic isolation undermines academic achievement among the poor while depriving all young people of experiences that would prepare them for living and working in a multiracial society, and discusses how districts in scores of states have recognized the dangers of racial and socioeconomic isolation and are taking steps to bring together children of different backgrounds, primarily by taking socioeconomic status into account as they assign children to schools.

School Board turns down Invictus Charter Application

The WCC Board Meeting July 19, turned down the Invictus Academy of Richmond. Voting for: Block, Panas. Against:Phillips, Kroneberg, Cuevas. Click here for the presentation, and petition. See item E4 here for links to the attached documents.

Pro-Charter Groups Keep Up

Constant Derogatory Drumbeat


In April, a group of college students appeared at a WCCUSD Board meeting to hand-deliver a document to the Board. The group belongs to the West Contra Costa chapter of the New York-based “ Students for Education Reform” , a charter school advocacy group. Their document, the results of a “WCCUSD Board Watch” effort, rated the district on how transparent it is (2.7 out of 5), how focused it is on students (3), and how engaged it is in the community (3.3). Not incidentally, two other pro-charter groups in our area, GO Public Schools WCC and Education Matters also conduct WCCUSD Board Watches.


In their presentations and materials, all of these groups claim to be acting as good local citizens, the guardians of our taxpayer money and public school system. Yet, however justified they may be in demanding accountability and transparency from our school district, they do so while ignoring the urgent need for accountability from the private schools operating in our district with public money (charter schools)--despite the fact that, unlike the WCCUSD board, charter boards are 1) not elected (or even locally based), 2) do not hold public meetings, and 3) do not televise their proceedings.

The fact is, the billionaire-funded “astroturf” groups operating in the WCCUSD and nationwide exist to deliberately keep public school districts on the defensive and deflect attention from charter schools’ own lack of transparency and indifferent performance. has documented how a single ultra-wealthy couple and the “community organizations” they fund worked in 2014 and 2016 to purchase three of the five seats on the WCCUSD School Board (see 2016 summary and 2014 detail).UPennILCStudents.png In service to their agenda, SFER-AN WCC, Go Public Schools WCC, and Education Matters follow the national education “reform” script scrupulously, cultivating, inculcating, and coordinating local surrogates. Last fall, for example, they provided facilitators for “parent council” meetings at the Latina Center, and packed it with lawyers to fish for stories of negative experiences. That negativity is important:  the more negative a picture these groups paint of public schools, the better it is for charters.

Like other pro-privatization groups around the country, SFER hypocritically ignores WCCUSD success stories, evidence of excellence and progress, and the vitality present in many of the district’s incredibly diverse schools. .....(continued)


The Redundancy of Charter Schools

There are many different ways we can evaluate the impact of charter schools on public education.  We are educating our children and determining what kind of society we live in and what our future will be.  So economics should not be the most important consideration.  But economics is still critical and must be understood.

Economies of scale
Economies of scale  are the cost savings that result when we make something larger.  Certain “fixed costs” are spread over more units making the cost per unit cheaper.  A school of 50 may have a gym which is used one period during the day.  The same gym could serve a school of  250 and would only cost one-fifth the amount per student.    (see Wikipedia definition)

Let’s look at the costs that each school budget must absorb:

Utilities: Not just the electricity and water bills, but also the actual wiring and plumbing maintenance as well as technology: Internet access, modems, computers and technological support.

Communal spaces: Each school has, or should have, regardless of size, an auditorium (meeting/performance space,) playgrounds, gym or other indoor exercise area, music room, library, restrooms, administrative office space, staff room, copy machines, storage area. For Middle and High Schools, there must be science labs and vocational skill shops.

Support staff: Administrators and safety staff, clerical staff, specialists for teacher training, support, and special programs such as music (especially band), theater, and art.  ESL instruction and specialists and classroom aids for children with disabilities.  Currently many of these specialists work in more than one or two schools and spend much of their time driving around and securing their space and equipment in different schools.

District wide programs: Free and reduced cost meal programs, health (there are now only five nurses for the whole district), and social services, such as homeless student outreach and the transportation voucher system, are hampered by the need to service many scattered locations.

If economies of scale principles were implemented, we would have larger schools where more students, teachers, and families share communal spaces and support staff. And likely there would be development of “schools within schools” where students and teachers could enjoy the benefits of smaller cohorts.

Every time another charter school is approved, each piece of the district-wide pie—the budget—shrinks, and each student, whether in District schools or charter schools, has less to use and learn from. The education budget is inadequate and getting smaller. Continuing to open charter schools dilutes the per-pupil income we get from the State because the District must move services from school to school, and chip away at full services at any one school.

Because the overhead is not distributed as widely now, we have already crossed the tipping point where it is not realistic to propose full services and facilities for any public school. Charter schools rarely offer full services because they are private operations focused on niche markets. They have already had the effect of lowering the expectations about the breadth of what our community offers up as a “quality education.” It is not realistic to propose full services and facilities for every charter school and continue to support District schools.

If one views a district’s educational system holistically, the parallel system of charter schools within the district looks more like an economic parasite than a partner.

Karen Pfeifer,
School Board Trustee 2004-2008  

Public  Core welcomes articles by parents, teachers, and community members

Intelligence Squared Debate

charter building
Motion: "Charter schools are overrated."
Thought-provoking and civilized debate that you can either watch or listen to. 1:36 mins. 
March, 2017, New York City

You can make up your own mind after watching it, and then see how the audience in NYC voted. If you've ever watched/listened to these Intelligence Squared debates before, you'll know that they ask the audience at the beginning to vote, using handheld devices at their seats, whether they agree, disagree, or are undecided about the motion. Then, after opening statements, moderator, opponent, and audience questions, and closing statements, the audience votes again. The team that changes the most minds wins. It's dependent on the people in the room. Other rooms may vote other ways.

Arguing for the motion:
Gary Miron - Western Michigan University - Professor of Education)
Julian Vasquez Heilig - California State University, Sacramento - Professor of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies)

Arguing against the motion:
Jeanne Allen - Founder and CEO of the Center for Education Reform - Washington D.C.

Gerard Robinson - Fellow at American Enterprise Institute, former Commissioner of Education for the State of Florida, and former Secretary of Education for Commonwealth of Virginia  - Washington D.C


Legislative Action

A number of bills are moving through the California legislature that will restrict the growth of Charter Schools in the state:

  • AB1478 which requires Charter Schools to have the same  transparency and accountability as regular public schools
  • SB 808 which requires local school board approval for charter schools and stops the practice that charters which are rejected local can get approval for operation at the county and state level.
  • AB1360 which prohibits charter school admissions  discrimination  and due process for student discipline.

While these three bills are not enough to stop the expansion of charter schools  and we need much more, Public Core  regards these bills, actively supported by the California Teachers Association, as first steps and urges support for them.

Urge Assembly Education Committee members to vote YES on AB 1478, by phone or Twitter:

Sign in Ross
photo: Suzanne Balmaceda

Seen in Ross, Marin County

Supporters of Ross Public Schools seem to be very organized against charters!




$7.9 Million spent by pretender "PTA" sponsored by Charter School Association on local and state elections

Click here for documents


Money flows in from outside West Contra Costa
to support Pro-Charter Candidates Panas and Sequeira

More than $688,000 for paid canvassing, phone-banking, yard signs, online ads, and consulting documented. Undoubtedly more will show up with the next filing.
See the Summary to Date, and then check out the Money 2016 page, and the Detail

Alan Singer:  Thirteen Questions that Scare Charter School Advocates:  Communities need to know what they're being sold.Huffington Post, April 18, 2017 Are charter schools truly public schools? Do charter schools and school vouchers “hurt” public schools? Do charter schools get better academic results than public schools? Are charter schools and vouchers a civil rights cause? Click here for answers to these questions and more.

Public schools leading the way with good food

Chef Alice Waters at Peres and Madera

Allice Waters at Peres

"Although many school districts are trying to provide fresh, made-from-scratch and locally sourced meals, this was the first time she'd seen a school district as large as West Contra Costa try to go fully organic at a number of its public schools, she said, and that's why she wanted to pledge her support for the program."

Two East Bay schools, with chef Alice Waters' help, commit to serving all organic meals next year by Joyce Tsai in East Bay Times. (Photo by Laura.A Oda Bay Area News Group)

"California has more charter schools than any other state in the nation, in large part because of generous public funding and subsidies to lease, build, or buy school buildings. But much of this public investment, hundreds of millions of dollars, has been misspent on schools that do not fulfill the intent of state charter school policy and undermine the financial viability of California’s public school districts.

"In the report, Spending Blind: The Failure of Policy Planning in California’s Charter School Facility Funding, In the Public Interest reveals that a substantial portion of the more than $2.5 billion in tax dollars or taxpayer subsidized financing spent on California charter school facilities in the past 15 years has been misspent on: schools that underperformed nearby traditional public schools; schools built in districts that already had enough classroom space; schools that were found to have discriminatory enrollment policies; and in the worst cases, schools that engaged in unethical or corrupt practices."

Why Are We Doing This?

In autumn 2014, West County mailboxes were overflowing with school board election mailers.  I can’t remember where we had our first conversations, perhaps while waiting in line at Progress Report Night at the high school, but I and several other parents began talking with each other about the unbelievable amounts of money being spent on our local school board election.

We were concerned that candidates we’d never heard of were running campaigns using money from outside forces. We were so concerned that three of us met, early on a Saturday morning, and began the arduous process of writing a guest editorial titled, “Our Schools Are Not for Sale.” We met several times, painstakingly crafting our message of outrage. We shared it with others, and quickly had more than two dozen parents who wanted to sign on. We were glad we had taken a stand.

But then the East Bay Times didn’t publish it.

Perhaps if the letter had been published, that would have been the end of it and there would have been no PublicCore. But we decided we weren’t going to take that rejection lying down, so we began meeting early on Saturday mornings, sorting through the problems created by corporations, wealthy ideologues, and financiers coming into our community and paying for privatization of public resources behind the cloak of “parent choice”,and “education reform.” Very quickly we discovered that the issue of charter management organizations and the schools they run is very complicated.

So complicated, in fact, that we felt we needed to do lots of research, lots of reading, and then lots of sharing. So we created a website, to be able to inform others about this nationa issue that has lots of local impact.

This site, created by volunteers who live, work, vote, and send their children to the publicly managed, publicly funded schools of WCCUSD includes links such as “Takeover Watch,” “Follow the Money,” and “Charter Articles” We encourage you to read our website, send us articles, and, most especially, get  to know your local schools.

Join the PTA’s at the schools that serve your neighborhood – just going to meetings to listen is a huge learning experience.

Help start a PTA, if they don’t have one.

Attend school board meetings, or stream them live or later on KCRT, to observe our current board members in action.

Scan the agendas or the minutes to get to know the issues.

And keep checking!
Joanna Pace
PublicCore Spokesperson

Simply Ticking the Boxes is all it Takes

The ease of starting a charter school is threatening resources for the majority of students

The unsettling truth is, any organization in California that can fill out a template can start a charter school. The bar is low, and the incentives are high.

California has both the fastest growth rate of charter schools, and the most charter schools of any state in the nation. This is partly because California is not fully committed to funding public education for its amazing and beautiful melting pot, and partly because the California Ed code is written for the schools Beaver Cleaver attended.

Hedge Fund managers, real estate developers, and ideologues will do what they're born to do, of course. They find holes in a weak law and exploit them while making a great return and while reshaping society. continue...

See our
FAQ on Charter Schools

  • How do Charter schools decide whom to admit?
  • Are Charter schools safe?
  • Are there standardized tests in Charters?
  • Are Charter schools better?
  • Who runs Charter Schools?
  • Are Charter schools "public" schools?
  • Reasons for choosing Charter and Neighborhood schools,
  • And much more.

WCCUSD Charter School Spreadsheet

A spreadsheet listing Charter School info: what, where, who, and connections

What Does a Superintendent Do?

Bayside PTA Council calls for parent voices. We recommend parents to be involved with these District decisions.

Making Our Public Schools Better


Julian Vasquez Hellig:  Failing the Test:  Nine Solution Takeaways

Capital&Main, June 3, 2016

“Despite the trendy popularity of charter schools in some circles, their wholesale replacement of traditional public schools is unnecessary. Not only do decades of data and research show this, but in each city there are plenty of successful public schools on the other side of the tracks or highway or river. The wealthy in the United States, regardless of locality, continue to have access to quality public education. So what should all parents already be able to choose from in their existing neighborhood public schools?"

Article provides nine answers.


Add your ideas

Email us at


Good features of our public schools that should be strengthened

  • Libraries
  • Academies in high schools provide information and pathways to different occupations
  • Wide diversity in class room better prepares kids for real world
  • Sports facilities
  • Music and performing arts program
  • More electives available within schools
  • Providing Arts and Performance electives so that students can meet that part of the A-G requirements of UC System eligibility
  • Schools are community centers --the heart of the neighborhood

Address the Achievement Gap

  • Focus Resources
  • Strengthen community involvement

Public Schools Areas to Improve

  • Not paying teachers enough to recruit and retain them
  • Class sizes too big
  • Some administrators and teachers don't listen to parents
  • Lack of customer-service attitude by some teachers and administrators towards students and families
  • Transfer process is difficult and not transparent
  • Parent opportunities to meet with teachers too inflexible
  • Not enough parent involvement from underserved communities
  • Not enough continuing teacher training and development
  • Difficult to reform or remove teachers who openly dislike children or who have abdicated their job to teach
  • Not enough parent teacher conferences. Should be at least twice per year
  • Some teachers refuse to adopt digital tools for connecting with students and parents

We highlight articles and web information relevant to the future of Public Education in West County

For previous posts and more articles see the tabs on the menu bar or see our Reading List


Staff Writer:  13 WCCUSD Elementary Schools Earn Gold Ribbon Award
Richmond Standard, April 14, 2016
WCCUSD elementary schools won the state award for their implementation of state-adopted academic content and performance standards, including Peres for its Efficacy Model ("Think you can, work hard, get smart"), and Washington for its dual immersion program. The full list of winners is:  Coronado, Farimont, Hanna Ranch, Harding, Kensington, Madera, Montalvin, Olinda, Peres, Riverside, Sheldon, Valley View, and Washington.


Angela Ruggiero:  Charter Schools Accused of Misuse of Public Funds in Livermore Audit
East Bay Times, June 9, 2017
A recently completed audit ordered by the Alameda County Office of Education in November suggests that Livermore’s two charter schools misappropriated public funds, including a tax-exempt bond totaling $67 million, and mainly pointed the finger at former CEO Bill Batchelor. According to a county statement, the analysis "shows that the Tri-Valley Learning Corporation, which oversees the charter schools: Failed to disclose numerous conflict-of-interest relationships; diverted, commingled and/or misappropriated public funds, including tax-exempt public bonds totaling over $67 million with various private entities; and contributed to an environment of significantly deficient internal controls."

Bill Raden:  Will Nick Melvoin be Los Angeles Charter Schools' Game-Changer?
Capital & Main, June 8, 2017
"It should have been a cakewalk. Instead, Steve Zimmer, the progressive school board president of the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD), who was running for his third term and enjoyed the full backing of the powerful United Teachers Los Angeles, suffered a shocking defeat May 16 against 31-year-old political newcomer Nick Melvoin... In a low-turnout election that set a new record as the most expensive school board contest in U.S. history, CCSA and charter philanthropists raised $9.7 million versus $5.2 million from unions — but outspent Zimmer on Melvoin’s behalf by $6.6 million to $2.7 million. The result was a 57-43 percent victory for a bright, affable and passionate defender of “school choice.”"


Michael Barba:  Charter Schools Slow to [Adopt] Discipline Reform
San Francisco Examiner, April 10, 2016
The Board of Education has in recent years been pushing schools in the San Francisco Unified School District toward alternatives to suspensions--which have been shown to push students out of school to a life behind bars. However, charter schools are not subject to district requirements and data shows that some continue to use suspensions at rates between five and 10 percent.

Robert D. Skeels:  California Charter School Industry Bill Attempts to Eliminate Only Source of Public Oversight
K-12 News Network's The Wire, April 1, 2016
The California Charter School Association (CCSA) is promoting AB 2806, which this article states would "further block oversight of charter schools, and impede any investigation into charter school wrongdoing." The article reproduces comments made against the bill in EdSource, which it calls the "source of political cover and highly biased 'journalism' on behalf of the lucrative charter school industry."

Video Clip  Alison McDowell:  What Silicon Valley Has Planned for Public Education
March 25, 2017
"How Silicon Valley and the Defense Department Plan to Remake Public Education While those of us who believe in public education struggle against privatization efforts such as charter schools and high-stakes testing, under the radar, a massive corporate takeover is underway. We are on the brink of being pushed into a new paradigm for education, known as “Learning Ecosystems.” This technology-based education is being planned by a slew of giant corporations and nonprofit foundations in conjunction with the defense department and pushed by corporatist politicians. This presentation was given by a parent activist from Philadelphia, PA named Alison McDowell who has been researching this with a network of concerned parents and teachers."

Anya Kamenetz:  Betsy DeVos Speech Greeted with Protesters She Calls 'Defenders of the Status Quo'
National Public Radio, July 20, 2017
Hundreds of protesters chanted and held signs reading, "Dump Betsy DeVos," "Take Devouchers Elsewhere," and "Stop School Privatization!" in front of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver, where Education Secretary Betsy DeVos was scheduled to deliver a speech to the American Legislative Exchange Council, or ALEC, which backs, and crafts, school choice policies coast to coast. Article focuses on DeVos's ties to ALEC, which go back decades, and discusses how "there is barely any daylight between ALEC's education policies and the ones DeVos has advanced in her role as secretary."

Maurice Cunningham:  Massachusetts 'Parents United':  Old Wine in an Empty Bottle
WGBH News, July 12, 2017
The author of this article, a professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts, kept "following the money" in the aftermath of last November's election, in which a Massachusetts referendum to expand charter schools lost by 62%-38%. Most of the pro-charter money in that effort came from outside Massachusetts, from the Walton family, Michael Bloomberg, and financiers in a group calling itself “Families for Excellent Schools.” In the wake of their loss, Cunningham discovered that they began forming new organizations that, though they mascarade as "mom and pop" groups, have staffing and financial ties to the same old billionaire backers.

Jeffrey Solochek:  Broward Sues Over Massive Education Bill as Other Florida Counties Consider Joining In
Tampa Bay Times, July 5, 2017
"The Broward County School Board decided Wednesday to sue the state over HB 7069, which creates a new charter school system and requires school districts to share tax revenue for capital projects such as construction and maintenance. The board contends the measure violates the Florida Constitution." Concerns include: violation of school boards' constitutional authority to operate, control and supervise all public schools in their districts; the creation of a new "schools of hope" system that will allow charters to take over for failing traditional public schools; violation of rules regarding school taxes (due to requirement that districts distribute a portion of their capital funding to charters).

Robert Holland:  Would You Bet on This ‘Next Big Thing’ in Education Reform?
Real Clear Education, June 26, 2017
An invitation-only May 17th summit in Burlingame, California, hosted by the New Schools Venture Fund (NSVF), was touted as being for “education innovation thought leaders" (reportedly “deep-pocketed funders known for backing technology-based initiatives,” notably the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg’s Chan Zuckerberg Initiative). According to the article, "This “next big thing” is already a “pretty big thing” in the education realm; it goes under such labels as personalized learning (PL) and competency-based education (CBE), with a side of social-emotional learning." Such systems "reduce teachers to mere facilitators.... Under NSVF’s proposal, $4 billion in philanthropy would go over the next 10 years to convert 7 percent of U.S. schools (serving 3.5 million children) to this model of innovation."  

Valerie Strauss:  Problems with Charter Schools that You Won't Hear Betsy DeVos Talk About
Washington Post, June 22, 2017
"President Trump has proposed spending hundreds of millions of dollars in new federal funding to expand charter schools, and his education secretary, Betsy DeVos, has made clear that her major priority is expanding school choice, including charters. But one thing missing from their agenda is anything that seeks to hold charter schools and for-profit charter operators accountable for how they spend money and educate children and their level of transparency to the public."

Erica Green:  Education Dept. Says It Will Scale Back Civil Rights Investigations
New York Times, June 16, 2017
According to an internal memo issued by the acting head of the Ed department’s office for civil rights, requirements imposed by the Obama administration that investigators broaden their inquiries to identify systemic issues and whole classes of victims will be scaled back. Also, regional offices will no longer be required to alert department officials in Washington of all highly sensitive complaints on issues such as the disproportionate disciplining of minority students and the mishandling of sexual assaults on college campuses. The reason: DeVos's conviction that the federal government should have a limited role in education.

Valerie Strauss:  Ravitch:  Why is PBS Running this Education Documentary? 
Washington Post, June 13, 2017
A libertarian think tank that believes in privatizing public education has sponsored a three-part documentary called “School Inc.,” which is narrated by the late director of the organization’s Center for Educational Freedom, who promoted the idea that free markets and the profit motive would improve education in the United States. Many public education activists (including Diane Ravitch, whose blog on the topic is featured in the article) are questioning why the documentary is being shown on publicly funded PBS stations, since "viewers will not get anything close to a balanced view of the education reform debate in the country and around the world" in the film.
PBS Frontline, June 8, 2017
In a letter sent to Education Secretary Betsy DeVos in June, Sens. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-R.I.), Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii), Edward Markey (D-Mass.) and Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) described a campaign by the Illinois-based non profit Heartland Institute as an effort “to disseminate fossil-fuel industry talking points as curriculum for science teachers.” Heartland Institute has been sending books, DVDsand pamphlets to science teachers across the country promoting its stance that climate change is caused by natural phenomena rather than human activities — a view rejected by nearly all climate scientists. DeVos issued a statement in June praising President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris climate accord.



Maureen Magee:  Summit Marries Technology, Educators, and Investors
San Diego Union Tribune, April 16, 2016
Article describes the sold-out "education summit" to be held in San Diego this week--sponsored by Bill Gates, the Waltons, and McGraw Hill, among others--that serves as a "matchmaker when it comes to hooking up investors with education start-ups." Over 3,500 attendees will be exposed to over 300 companies, which will pitch products there.

Martha Woodall:  Auditor General says [Philadelphia] Charter Schools Need More Oversight
Philly.Com, April 13, 2016
Auditor General Pasquale says that insufficient staff and resources make the district unable to "verify the validity of hundreds of millions of dollars it is paying to charter schools in tuition payments" and calls for reform of the Pennsylvania charter school law.

Jennifer Berkshire:  The Charter Scam Deepens:  The Sick New 'Bubble' that could Explode Urban Schools
Slate, January 5, 2016
Author interviews authors of a new study that reveals how charter proponents pushing for "independent authorizers"--who would assume no risk for charter failure--are creating a situation analogous to the subprime mortgage crisis, because they would enable charters to shop around for authorizers who would not provide rigorous oversight. 

Will Charter Schools Close Kennedy High School?

En Español

Early last month, after winning the playoffs for the first time since 1988, the Kennedy High School Football team was honored by the Richmond City Council. One public commenter listed the hurdles that individual players have had to overcome, including violence in their neighborhoods, lack of social support, and homelessness. Richmond is really proud of Kennedy High. (See SF Chronicle article on the team)

But there is a good chance that Kennedy will be closed in the next few years. Why? Because of the growth of charter schools in the West Contra Costa Unified School District, and the laws that favor that growth, tying the hands of local school districts all over the state--and the nation.

Many of the charter schools in the WCCUSD plan to increase enrollment, opening new high schools or expanding already existing high school programs (see Making WavesCaliber, Summit) Under current law, the district will be forced to provide them with facilities, even if that means compromising the quality of facilities and programs for our district as a whole. Originally many supported charters to allow more parent involvement and experimentation with schools, but the dominant trend now is charter schools operated by regional and national corporations.

Some see the corporate chain charter school trend as one that offers more choices to parents. But the reality is that more charters will kill important choices for the majority of students--including the opportunity to attend public high schools that offer the full range of programs. Charters siphon off money and students from traditional public schools.

As more charters offer high school programs, the School Board will be forced by economics to close a current full-program high school - known in the education world as a "comprehensive high school." The District cannot afford to keep all the current high schools open with a smaller enrollment.  As a result, high schools in the WCCUSD will be consolidated, and parents and students lose the “option” of a big high school that, because of its size, offers diversity and a wide variety of enrichment programs such as:

    • Sports (swim team, golf, dragon boating, cross country, soccer, baseball, softball,
    • mountain biking, ultimate frisbee, football, volleyball)
    • Music
    • Arts
    • Science fairs, hands-on physics and chemistry labs
    • Clubs (speech and debate, mock trial, math club, language clubs, etc.)
    • Multiple foreign language offerings
    • Special interest courses, such as WWII History, AP Government, Ceramics, Auto Shop,
    • Photography, Dance, and Band:  Symphonic, Concert, Jazz, and Marching

There is nothing dictating that the first high school to be closed will be Kennedy. But geography, facility age, and test scores all combine to increase the likelihood that it will be Kennedy that is closed first.

The charter school movement is so "off the rails," even John Oliver is catching on to the crazy lack of oversight and profit-motive behind it. He focuses here mainly on the problems that arise from lack of oversight, but see minute 12 + for how "non-profit" charter schools go about enriching their operators."


Animation from the Network for Public Education